For the first time, cats like Siberian cats were mentioned in publications in the 16th century. Then they were called Bukhara. They could be found everywhere in the Russian Empire.
There is no exact data when and how Bukhara cats appeared in Siberia. At that time the indigenous inhabitants of Siberia led a nomadic way of life and did not keep cats. It can be assumed that immigrants from the western part of Russia during the development of the Siberian lands, brought their own cats with them. Perhaps the Bukhara cats came to Siberia with traders from Asian countries, with whom active trade was at that time. It is possible that Angora, Siberian and Persian cats had common ancestors – migrants from Asia Minor.
Siberian cat as a breed spontaneously formed on the territory from the Urals to Siberia, which contributed to the appearance of a Siberian cat long, dense wool, protecting the animal from the cold. When the formation of the breed a certain role was played by wild forest cats.
Currently, the breed is open [the source is not specified 36 days], that is, it is permissible to issue a certificate of conformity of the breed for animals of unknown origin that outwardly conform to the breed standard.
Origin of the name: By their name Siberian cats are indebted to Siberia, which in Russia was considered great because of its size. These large cats were called "Siberian" for their mighty size.
Cats that have black color, are distinguished by a special grace. In England there is a common sign: a black cat brings happiness. Especially lucky sailors, if they travel with a cat with a black color. Based on historical data, it is known that even on the ship on which Christopher Columbus sailed, there was also a black cat, acting as a lucky talisman. Black cats are characterized by a high level of energy. In the process of communicating with people who suffer from hypertension, as well as hyper areas, they take on a significant part of the negative energy. Cats of this color like to sleep at the head of the owner or on his chest. This should not be allowed, since this can cause difficulty in breathing and ultimately affect the worsening of the blood circulation of the heart and the heart vessels. You can keep a cat on your chest, but not more than 20 minutes, and even then just before bed. Pigmentation of the fur of cats of this color is quite intense, which significantly affects its texture. It becomes more rigid to the touch, and the tone acquires a deep, velvety color, which is very similar in tone to soot. In the process of breeding cats of black beauty, it is necessary to carry out activities that are very difficult. The main reason is that before the turn of 6-7 months a kitten of this color has brown hair, and it is impossible to make assumptions as to whether this tone will remain with him for life or change.
The wool of this color is evenly colored black to the very roots. At the same time, one can note a complete absence of a rusty shade. White hairs are unacceptable on the body of this cat. Eye color can have several shades. The most common are copper, orange, and intense gold. Nose mirrors and paw pads have a characteristic black color.
The main drawback is rusty shade, which in tone is like dust, whose presence is only allowed in kittens.
Intensive pigmentation processes significantly affect the significant level of protective substances, as well as hormones that are present in the body of black cats. This largely determines their health and enterprise. All cats of this color are characterized by increased activity, but they are not aggressive.
Plush cats, which include Siberian and Russian black, have a characteristic feature that unites them - the length of the hair and the undercoat, which is the same.
The black shade of such a coat becomes a deep color, externally velvety similar to soot .
Since gene B prevails, in combination with it, the genes of brown b and cinnamon bi colors can be masked. Also, in combination with the D gene, there can be a gene-clarifier From these genes, which are available in a cat, kittens of brown, blue or lilac can be born. Kittens are born with a black color. However, with constant licking on the mother's side, the shade can change and burn. The wool of kittens is not strong yet and differs fragility. The access of substances to the main component that affects the color, melanin is light enough, as a result, black color brightens, and the traditional shade is preserved on the upper part of the cat hair. The experience of many breeders in breeding black Persians suggests that a fruity wool, which has a greyish-smoky shade, ensures that after a while the cats will have a black tone that will last a lifetime.
White and bi-color colors of Siberian cats
Black tiger color of Siberian cats
Red color of cats depends on the O (orange) gene, which is located on the sex chromosome X of the animal and is associated with its sex. As a result, cats often are either black or red, and cats can be both black and red at the same time (tortoiseshell). The phenomenon of female mosaicism (in each cell of the body only one X chromosome works, the other is inactive) was discovered precisely thanks to tortoiseshell cats. From the Siberian cat tortoiseshell, you can get kittens with a lot of different colors. For tortoise cats without agouti factor, the bands on the red parts of the body are a disadvantage. Against the background of red colorations, a well-defined pattern is quite often preserved in the absence of an agouti factor.
Siberian red cats often have dark orange eyes. For cats of other colors, such eyes are an undesirable trait.
At exhibitions, uniformly colored Siberian cats without gray stripes and brown spots are especially appreciated. Color is formed as the animal grows up.
Smoky color of Siberian cats
This color is obtained as a result of mixing recessive without agouti and silver colors. The result depends on the initial color of the parents. There can be "black smoke", "blue smoke", "red smoke", smoky tortoiseshell. Ideally, the features of this color are noticeable only when the cat moves - it's a bright white undercoat. And it is better, if the contrast between the color of the main coat and undercoat will be as bright as possible.
With a smoky color, a contrast is visible between the light silvery undercoat and the basic coat color, which partially covers the tips of the hair and concentrates on the ears, paws, tail. The integumentary hair at the base has a narrow silvery- white strip,
The disadvantage is the uneven coloring on various parts of the body, as well as the presence of a residual pattern.
Black color of Siberian cats
Unlike many other colors, the chinchillas have 2 bands: light strip near the root of the hair a dark strip at the tip.
There are 2 varieties of chinchillas adopted by the standard: shaded (darker) and veiled. This is a very rare color in Siberian cats.
Silver color of Siberian cats
Siberian cats are excellent parents, males, if they have access to the litter, can help the cat take care of the kittens. Parents often live together, and some mothers live with only one cat. Even very young cats lick their relatives. Such friendliness makes of Siberians wonderful pets. Siberian cats and cats because of the communal nature feel happier in the pair. The presence of a friend-companion helps Siberians to remain active, interested in life and emotionally healthy.
Some Siberian cats can give offspring in nine or even ten years. Nevertheless, the mortality of kittens is lower if the age of the cat is from 18 months, but not more than five to six years. This is due to the physical and emotional maturation, health and vitality of the cat, and with the law of nature - obtaining healthier offspring from young mothers
Cats are ready to reproduce from five months and can continue to breed kittens up to ten years or more. In regions where the breed is rare or expensive, a prolonged career of a breeding cat may create the risk of a syndrome of excessive genetic influences on the breed of a single cat.
Apparently, the breed is healthy, multiplies easily, and Siberian cats are excellent parents.
The standard for Siberian cats allows any amount of white in color and a combination of white spots with any basic color. The combination can be different: a cat can have small white spots on the chest; can be a classic bi-color with white on the muzzle, white breasts, belly, paws, etc.
White color of Siberian cats can be formed by two different genes: allele of super dominant white W, recessive allele of Angora albino. In the first case, it is very easy to develop a program for obtaining the white color of Siberian cats. If the W gene is transmitted to the offspring of at least one parent, the kittens will be white. The color of the other parent does not matter. In the second case, offspring of white color are obtained only when mating with cats having a W gene, and also if both parents have a recessive Angora albino that is rare in the Siberian breed.
One of the genes that exist in the genetics of cats' colors is called "angora albino" or "blue-eyed albino", which is recessive (that is, manifested only in the paired version). Initially, it was believed that it is characteristic only of Angora cats.
In Siberian cats of white color (having allele W), the eyes can be blue, green and yellow. Also, eyes of different colors are possible, for example one blue, another yellow. The standard stipulates the following requirements for Siberian white cats - the color should be uniform and bright white, absolutely spotless. The presence of spots in young animals does not cause fear, since with age they disappear.
The blue color of the eyes in Siberian cats of white color can be associated with a defect - deafness.
Color Point (Nevskaya Masquerade)
The history behind the Siberians Breed
Siberian is a breed of half-long-haired cats. The Siberian cat has a long thick wool that does not allow moisture, large ears with tassels, a fluffy tail and color different.
This color depends on the action of the gene inhibitor melanin I. In the outer hair, only the upper part is stained, and the bases of the awn and undercoat of the cat with this color remain white.
Golden color of Siberian cats
General characteristics: Medium or large size, with excellent physical abilities, their strength and power are mitigated by the sweet expression of the muzzle. The body leaves a general impression of roundness and smoothness. Siberians grow up slowly, reaching maturity by the age of 5, and cats are slightly smaller than cats. Therefore, we must carefully approach the definition of compliance with the standard breed of cats and young cats. When determining the type of animal, the size is secondary.
Head : Head shape trapezoidal, with rounded contours, medium to large, well in harmony with the body. The head is wider in the upper part of the skull and slightly narrows toward the rounded muzzle. The size of the ears from medium to large, rounded, slightly tilted forward. Ideally, the distance between the ears should be equal to the width of the ears. The wool on the back of the ears is short and thin. Starting from the middle of the ears, the pubescence becomes longer and covers the base of the ears. Desirable brushes on the tips of the ears, like a lynx.
The eyes are large, almost round, the outer corner is slightly inclined to the base of the ear. The distance between them is larger than the width of the eye. The color of the eyes is not associated with the color of the coat. The chin is well rounded, but not protruding, coinciding with the nose. The muzzle is short, full, rounded. Slightly curved, but the transition between the cheekbones and the muzzle is smooth. The top of the head is almost flat, with a slightly arched nose, constant tilt. With a small cavity, if you look at the profile. Neck round, strong, muscular.
The body is of medium length, strong, muscular, the back slightly above the shoulders, with a barrel-shaped, firm stomach, creating a feeling of considerable weight, really coming with age. Legs of medium length. The rear is somewhat longer than the front, with a massive skeleton. Paws large and round, with obligatory pubescence. The tail is broad at the base, slightly tapering to the blunted tip. The backbone is sturdy. The neck is bulky.
Wool / Color / Figure: Length: this is a cat with a length of coat from medium to long, with a double undercoat. Hair on the shoulder blades and on the lower part of the chest are thicker and shorter. Abundant rigid frame of the head. In adult animals a tightly fitting undercoat thickens in winter. "Summer" wool is allowed. The texture changes from coarse to soft, changing according to color. Color: chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, faun and their combinations with white, as well as the color of "Burma" are not allowed; All traditional colors (monochrome and patterned) and color points, with both white and white, are acceptable. Any amount of white is acceptable. Silvery / smoky colors are acceptable. A saturated color and a clear pattern (for tabby colors) is desirable, but for the right type is secondary.
Signs of the color and the location of the bands: The classic letter M on the forehead strip on the back 2 parallel strips on the side. Continuous “necklaces” on the neck. Thin and clear continuous band from back to belly. 2 rows of “buttons” of the main color on the abdomen.
Siberian cats of black tiger color have very expressive eyes, their shape is emphasized by a light stroke. They have beautiful black paws, a raccoon tail and black brushes on their ears. For this color, a smooth yellow or green eye color is a characteristic, but “wild” green is preferable.
B (black). Black tiger cats have a dominant allele B (black). The black color in this color is the darkest, so the stripes on the paws, the back, the sides and the tip of the tail are painted. Between the stripes the color can be brown, gray, warm orange.
Marble color of Siberian cats
Black spotted color is often confused with black tiger. At black spotted color at cats on sides should be precise maculae.
There is a kind of spotted color - "torn marble". This is a very effective color. For this color, large spots on the sides are characteristic. In some cases, these spots have the appearance of "rosettes", the middle of which is lighter. This color has similarity to the color of the breeds, which were derived from the use of wild animals (eg, Bengal cats).
Striped color of Siberian cats ("common tabby")
Colors of the Siberian Breed
Felinologists have not yet sufficiently studied the genetics of gold color. In Siberian cats of this color, the top and cover hair are colored in a warm apricot color: from ½ part of each coarse and cover hair in gold tabby: up to 2/3 of each hair of gold brawn: about 7/8 of each hair in gold chinchillas.
With this color, Siberian cats have bright green or green-blue eyes. Very few Siberian cats with this color, as it is difficult to keep a strong type of animals, this requires a long and laborious work.
Red color, tortoiseshell color of Siberian cats
This color is less common in comparison with the black tiger.
Signs of color and location of the bands: The classic letter M on the forehead streak on the back 2 long strips on the sides (parallel strip on the back) Continuous “necklaces” around the neck Butterflies on shoulders beautiful wide circled on the sides 2 rows of “button” of the main color on the abdomen.
On the long wool of Siberian cats it was quite difficult to achieve a clear and vivid picture. With the right color, Siberian cats look very impressive
Black spotted color of Siberian cats
Signs of color and the location of the bands:
the letter "M" on the forehead
bands on paws
stripes on the tail
But with this color, the Siberian cats have no strips on the body. This color has nothing to do with the Abyssinian tabby. When mating cats such color is stably transmitted, the bands even after many generations do not disappear. This color is very common in the breed of Siberian cats. It is possible that he is the most "wild" variety of tabby in Siberian cats. Genetics of striped color, as well as spotted, still remains a mystery for felinologists.
Agouti factor - the distribution of color over the hair, in which each wool is colored with rings, alternating light and dark colors.
Chinchillas color of Siberian cats
Condition: excellent health with good overall condition.
Length of Coat: This is a cat with a length of wool from medium to long, with a double undercoat. The hair on the shoulder blades and on the lower part of the thorax is thick and slightly shortened. "Summer" wool is allowed. The hair can thicken up to curls on the belly and "panties", but wavy hair is not determinative. Pure saturated color and pattern are desirable, but for the right type are secondary.
Tolerances: Since Siberians are a late maturing breed, this must be taken into account when assessing the wool and physical condition of kittens and young animals. Possible buttons, spots or medallions.
Disadvantages: Straight profile, narrow muzzle, short tail.
Disqualification: Obvious disease, poor health, exhaustion, visible tail defects. The character must be stable. Any signs of instability should be disqualified. The cat can be frightened, try to escape or loudly express discontent, but cannot hurt. Also, general shortcomings in accordance with article 16 of the exhibition rules are inadmissible.
Continuation of Gender: Siberian cats enter the reproductive age earlier than other breeds, sometimes even in five months. This is due to the proximity of the breed to its natural wild state. Wild cats have a difficult life, so they often die young. It is a genetic advantage to achieve reproductive ability early and have large offspring. On average, the offspring of Siberian cats consist of five to six kittens, compared to the average offspring of three to four kittens from pedigreed cats. Sometimes the Siberian progeny is small (consists of one or two kittens) or very large (about nine kittens).
Neva Masquerade cat is a long-haired cat with a color-point color and a bright blue color of the eyes. They have a large, muscular body, rather thick, handsome paws, thick wool with a thick undercoat and a magnificent fluffy Siberian tail. And the muzzle of an adult cat is also adorned with a dark mask, which depends on the color. The Nevaki have an excellent character. They are intelligent, calm, confident, loyal to their master. But this does not mean that they are too lazy. Even adult cats are very fond of playing for a long time.
For a long time, disputes among the felinologists about the coloring of the color-point in the Siberian breed did not subside. To create a full-color, it is necessary to cross cats colo-point color with cats of traditional color. This will help to keep the animals of the original type, close to full-colored Siberian cats.
At the exhibitions, they are presented with additional requirements:
correct stain of points;
the contrast between the points and the overall color of the hull;
uniformity of point coloring;
points on the paws, muzzle and tail should have the same color intensity;
absence of dark spots on the abdomen.
Because of the small blackout on the wool, the Siberian color-point color cats can lose some points at the exhibition. Siberian color-point color cats are very popular.